Sianok Canyon, Panoramic Beauty of the Valley in Bukittinggi

The city of Bukittinggi in West Sumatra has a myriad of fascinating natural resources. One of the natural attractions in Bukittinggi that will blow your mind is Ngarai Sianok.

Sianok canyon is a valley that has a length of 15 kilometers and a width of 200 meters. The valley which has a depth of 100 meters is famous to foreign countries, you know.

This amazing valley crosses 3 areas in Bukittinggi, namely Nagari Koto Gadang, Nagari Sianok Six Tribes, and Palupuh. In addition, this one valley is also a habitat for flora and fauna.

History of Sianok

The process of formation of this valley occurs due to the movement of the earth’s faults. The fault is winding and extends from the south of Nagari Koto Gadang to Nagari Sianok Six Tribes. Until finally this fault stopped in Palupuh.

According to geology, this fault valley is referred to as the part that divides the island of Sumatra into two. This fault is called the Semangko fault which extends from Aceh to Semangka Bay in Lampung.

The Semangko fault produces steep cliffs that flank this valley. Not only that, as a result of this fault, the Batang Sianok river was formed whose water was so fresh and clear. This fault also produces the famous Bukit Barisan Mountains.

Location of Sianok

The valley that should be juxtaposed with the beauty of America’s Grand Canyon National Park is located on the border of the city of Bukittinggi. This valley, whose natural panorama is so stunning, is precisely in the Minangkabau highlands.

The exact location of this valley is in Sianok Village, IV Koto District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra Province. Although administratively the location of this valley is in Agam Regency, access to downtown Bukittinggi is actually closer.

Walk to Sianok Gorge

The route to this valley is fairly easy. If you are from Minangkabau International Airport which is in Padang, you only need to take a rental car or mini bus to Padang – Bukittinggi.

The distance between Padang and Bukittinggi is about 90 kilometers so you only need to drive for 2 hours. Arriving in Bukittinggi, you can continue the journey by public transportation to reach the location.

If you want a more comfortable trip, you should take a private vehicle. Not only that, there are many travel agents that provide delivery services to locations. You can leave and return whenever you want when using these two modes of transportation.

The journey to this valley is tiring and takes a long time. However, your journey will not be boring. Along the way you will be treated to views that spoil the eye.

Entrance ticket

Like natural tourist areas in general, this valley does not set an expensive entrance ticket price. Doing tourist activities to this one valley will not drain your pocket.

To enter this valley area, you only need to pay a ticket of IDR 10,000 per person. With this very affordable entrance fee, you will not be disappointed by its natural charm.

Even though the entrance fee is cheap, this valley will cool the eyes of anyone who visits it. So much fun, right?

Opening hours

The panoramic beauty of this valley never disappoints anyone who visits it. You will also not be disappointed about when is the right time to visit there.

As an open-air tourist attraction in which there are also resident villages, this valley does not have certain operating hours. It doesn’t matter if you want to come in the morning, afternoon, evening, or night, because this valley has 24-hour opening hours.

You can more freely enjoy the beauty of this valley landscape anytime you want.


As a tourist attraction that is the mainstay of West Sumatra Province, this valley has a variety of adequate facilities for its visitors.

A number of facilities provided by the manager for the needs of visitors include viewing posts, places to eat, water sports equipment, instagramable photo spots, and so on.

The location of the valley which is close to the center of the city of Bukittinggi makes various accommodation facilities appear around it. The accommodation facilities in question include inns, villas, and hotels.

Attractions/Spots of Interest in Sianok

This Sianok Canyon tourist attraction has long been a byword for tourists from all over the world because of its stunning natural beauty. This one valley never seems to disappoint with its charm as described below.

1. The Beauty of the Landscape

The main attraction of this valley is its shape that spreads beautifully like a natural painting. This narrow valley is surrounded by hills with steep cliffs overgrown with lush trees.

Lush green trees snaking looks cool to the eye surrounding the steep ravine in the middle. This steep gorge is equipped with a small river that flows in its middle.

The perfection of this valley landscape is also coupled with the fresh air produced by the lush trees around it. In addition, you will also be amazed to hear the melodious chirping of wild birds flying over the valley.

The combination of the landscape, the cool air, and the living things in it form a natural harmony. No wonder this valley won the Best Tourism Object award at the 2007 Padang Tourism Award.

2. Habitat Flora dan Fauna

It is undeniable that Sumatra is rich in wild to rare flora and fauna. The forests are very wide and the population is still small, so that the flora and fauna of these original inhabitants are preserved.

The location of this valley which is flanked by the surrounding forests is also inseparable from the habitat of flora and fauna. A number of rare flora that grow in this valley include Raflesia and other medicinal plants.

In addition, you can also find animals that are the original inhabitants of this area such as long-tailed monkeys, gibbons, hoops, deer, wild boars, leopards, to tapirs.

You should stay alert when these wild animals approach. These animals will snatch your belongings if you are careless. However, don’t show signs of panic.

3. Stunning Sunrise and Sunset

Sunrise and sunset can not only be enjoyed on the beach or mountains. The view of the sunrise and sunset in this valley is no less stunning, you know.

The phenomenon of sunrise and sunset is the target of photographers as photo objects. Not only that, many painters have immortalized this artistic moment in their paintings.

To witness the stunning sunrise phenomenon, you must come before dawn when the sun has not yet appeared.

There is another phenomenon in the morning that will amaze you. You can witness the phenomenon of the first rays of the sun in the misty morning penetrating the valley so beautifully.

You will also be mesmerized by the majestic silhouette of Mount Singgalang as the background. This beautiful panorama like a painting is also immortalized in the latest edition of the 2 thousand rupiah banknote.

4. Panorama Park

Panorama Park is used as a location point to enjoy the beauty of the natural charm of this one valley. From this park in the middle of the city of Bukittinggi, you can see the beauty of this valley from a height.

Its location in the city center makes this park has certain opening hours. Panorama Park opens in the morning starting at half past 9 in the morning. While the closing hours of this park around half past 6 in the afternoon.

In Panorama Park, a gazebo has been provided that you can use to sit back and enjoy the beauty of the natural charm of this valley and funny monkeys playing.

Not only that, you can also go up to the tower with a height of 20 meters in the souvenir shop area. From this tower you can see the natural scenery of the valley very clearly.

5. The expanse of verdant rice fields

One of the interesting spots owned by the Sianok Canyon tourist attraction is the green rice fields at the bottom of the valley which you don’t want to miss. The location of this expanse of rice fields is located in the Kayukubu Village, Guguk Panjang, Bukittinggi.

This rice field area is neatly arranged and looks very beautiful as far as the eye can see. In addition, the rows of canyon fences that stretch into the backdrop of the rice fields are so stunning.

This verdant expanse of rice fields is supported by footpaths made of cast cement. The path made of cast cement is shaped winding so that it looks artistic. Visitors will find it easier to walk through the rice fields on this path.

This green and beautiful rice field area is now popular as a photo spot. Many visitors come to hunt for photos to be immortalized in their camera.

6. Janjang Koto Gadang

There is one interesting spot in this valley which is identical to the Chinese Wall, namely Janjang Koto Gadang. The wall which has a height of 1.5 meters and a width of 2 meters is dubbed the giant wall of Indonesia.

The top of this wall offers the beauty of the Sianok Gorge with a different angle. The view of the valley below when viewed from the height of the 1.5 kilometer long wall is no less amazing.

To enjoy the beauty of the valley landscape at the top of the wall, you only need to climb about 315 steps.

7. Grasshouse

Inside this tourist attraction area, there is a unique spot in the form of a grass house. This grass house which is located not far from the city center is flanked by two towering cliffs. To get to the location, you can take various transportation that will take you there.

This grass house is unique because of its triangular grass roof that extends to the ground. The building, which is dominated by bamboo material, looks pleasing to the eye because it combines with the green grass on the roof.

This grass house is actually one of many inns close to this one valley tourist area. However, because of its uniqueness, this grass house is increasingly crowded with visitors.

Many visitors come to take photos with the background of this unique house. Taking pictures with this grass house background can beautify your Instagram feed, you know.

8. Clear Cyanok Stem

In the middle of this steep valley there is a small river with a very exotic bend.

The beauty of this valley cannot be separated from the combination of steep cliffs and bends of a small river surrounded by verdant forests.

This beautiful flowing small river is called Batang Sianok by the local community. Sianok’s clear stem water flows all the way to the Indian Ocean. Not only clear, Sianok stem water also feels refreshing.

The clear, fresh river water feels perfectly combined with the sound of the gurgling water that soothes the soul. Not only that, the Sianok stem is also used as a place for fun and exciting water sports.

Exercising while feeling the fresh river water with a beautiful backdrop of scenery, fun isn’t it?

9. Silent Valley

That said, Sianok is a canyon at the bottom of the valley. The name cyanok comes from two words, namely si and anok. Si means si while anok means quiet, so if they are combined they will mean the quiet one.

Sianok canyon is famous for its unique nickname, the quiet valley. Not only because of the origin of the name, but also because of the atmosphere. The atmosphere of this valley is so peaceful and calming.

If you want to calm yourself from the hustle and bustle of the city, visiting this valley is the right choice. You will be spoiled by its cool and calming natural charm, making it suitable for relieving fatigue.

Not only that, the cool air around this valley will also cool your head from the burden of thoughts. This valley is also good for your relaxation activities.

10. Japanese Cave

In this tourist attraction area there is also a spot for those of you who like historical things. This spot that is thick with the history of past colonialism is called Goa Japan.

This cave was once used as a place of defense for the Japanese army in Bukittinggi around 1942 to 1945. To enter this historic cave, you have to go through the Panorama Park door.

The Japanese cave is semicircular with a cavity height of 2 meters. This 1.5 kilometer long cave can only be explored 750 meters for the safety of visitors.

11. Sports

This valley is surrounded by forests with trees that stretch. This expanse of trees produces clean air that is rich in oxygen. The clean air and the winding valley contours are suitable for doing sports activities in the morning.

Every weekend, not a few residents of the city of Bukittinggi exercise in this beautiful valley. The residents of this hill town have a healthy and rewarding way to spend a weekend getaway.

A number of sports activities that can be done in this valley include tracking, cycling, jogging, or just walking. You can also do water sports in the Sianok river, such as kayaking, canoeing, and white water rafting.

Exercising in this valley area will not feel tiring. The beautiful view of the valley on this one will divert your tiredness.

12. Skimboarding

Do you want to do a unique and adrenaline-pumping activity? Don’t worry, in Ngarai Siano there is a new and unusual water sport activity. Not only that, a sport called skimboarding is the most popular with visitors.

Skimboarding is a combination of skateboarding and surfing. This fairly extreme water sport only requires a surfboard.

You can skimboard by standing on the surfboard. After that, sliding in the puddles around the river like the way people surf, isn’t it fun?

13. Tabiang Takaruang

Within the area of ​​this tourist attraction, there is one of the many parts of the valley that you should not miss. One part of this exotic valley is called Tabiang Takaruang.

Tabiang Takaruang means a confined cliff. This cliff is basically flanked or enclosed by canyon walls. This unique spot was formed because of an earthquake in the past that hit West Sumatra Province.

Tabiang Takaruang is the most targeted spot by photographers. The shape, position and exotic background will produce an aesthetic photo.

Lodging Near Sianok Gorge

Near this one valley there are a variety of comfortable accommodations, you know. You can choose the following recommended accommodations to stay and rest.

1. Padi Ecolodge

Padi Ecolodge is the closest to this valley. With a distance of 450 meters, you can drive for 1 minute or just walk.

This inn with a typical West Sumatran gadang building is located in the middle of a stretch of verdant trees. You can enjoy a beautiful valley panorama from this unique inn.

This inn is also equipped with cafes and restaurants that will make you feel at home for long coffee or eating the delicious menu served.

2. Wisma Puri Kartika

If you want to feel the atmosphere of a local stay, you can book one of the rooms at Wisma Puri Kartika. This cheap and simple inn is in the form of a row of houses like a residential area in general.

The location of this inn is not far from the valley area, which is 1 kilometer and only takes about 2 minutes. The address of this inn is precisely on Jalan Panorama Number 16, Kayu Kubu, Guguk Panjang District, Bukittinggi City, West Sumatra Province.

3. Grand Rocky Hotel Bukittinggi

For those of you who want to stay in downtown Bukittinggi, there’s nothing wrong with renting a room at the Grand Rocky Hotel Bukittinggi. This hotel is fairly close to Ngarai Sianok because it is only about 1.3 kilometers away.

The location of this hotel is on Jalan Yos Sudarso No. 29 Bukittinggi. Its strategic location will make it easier for you to stop by other interesting tourist objects. Other attractions near this hotel are the Clock Tower, Bung Hatta Palace, and Plaza Bukittinggi.

4. Novotel Bukittinggi

Besides Grand Rocky Hotel Bukittinggi, there are other 4-star hotels which are also close to Ngarai Sianok. The hotel in question is Novotel Bukittinggi, which is only about 1.5 kilometers away.

Novotel Bukittinggi is also in the middle of the city so it is close to other tourist attractions. Other attractions that you can easily visit from Novotel Bukittinggi include the Clock Tower, Fort de Kock Fort, Limpapeh Bridge, Pasar Atas, and Goa Japan.

Sightseeing Near Sianok Gorge

Its location close to the city center of Bukittinggi, makes this valley also surrounded by other interesting tourist objects. If you visit this valley, there’s nothing wrong with stopping by the following recommended attractions.

1. Clock Tower

The Clock Tower, which is an icon of West Sumatra Province, is located close to the Sianok Gorge, which is in the center of the city of Bukittinggi. The distance between Jam Gadang and this valley is only 2.1 kilometers.

This tourist attraction is a large tower that has 4 clocks on four sides with a typical Minangkabau roof.

You can enjoy the splendor of Jam Gadang from the garden that surrounds it. In addition, you can also take pictures with the background of this tower.

2. Benteng Fort de Kock

One of the tourist attractions that witnessed the Dutch occupation in Bukittinggi is the Fort de Kock. This historical tourist attraction is fairly close to Sianok canyon because it is only 1.6 kilometers away, so it only takes 5 minutes to drive.

The fort, which is located in Bukit Jirek, is a trace of the history of the struggle of the people of Bukittinggi against the invaders. This fort cannot be separated from the story of the Padri led by Imam Bonjol expelling the Dutch East Indies army.

3. Bung Hatta Palace

For those of you who like historical things, there’s nothing wrong with stopping by the Bung Hatta Palace. The location of Bung Hatta Palace is fairly close to Sianok Gorge with a distance of 1.9 kilometers. From the outside, this building is marked by a large statue of Bung Hatta standing proudly.

Bung Hatta Palace is included in the heritage building which was once the Emergency Government Center of the Republic of Indonesia. This colonial-style building provides educational tours about the history of the Proclaimer’s footsteps.

4. Kinantan Cultural and Wildlife Park

The location of this zoo is not far from Ngarai Sianok which is only 2.2 kilometers away. This zoo has the most complete collection of animals on the island of Sumatra.

In addition, the Kinantan Cultural and Wildlife Park is one of the oldest zoos in Indonesia.

Not only has a collection of animals, this zoo also presents a museum in the form of a Minangkabau traditional house. This museum is served as an educational tour to introduce Minangkabau culture.

Visiting Tips

Doing recreation to open natural attractions of course need several things to support the smooth travel. Here are a number of tips that you can follow to facilitate your travel activities.

1. Wear Comfortable Clothes

Traveling to natural attractions certainly requires a lot of physical activity. Therefore, you should wear comfortable clothes and footwear. Wearing comfortable clothes and footwear will make your activities easier.

2. Prepare Body Stamina

Exploring this beautiful, steep valley will drain your energy. Especially if you want to see the beauty of the valley from Janjang Koto Gadang. Don’t forget to prepare your stamina to be strong enough to climb hundreds of stairs and bring your own drinking water.

3. Keep it clean

Don’t forget to keep the environment clean wherever you travel. You can help keep the environment clean by throwing garbage in its place. In addition, obey the rules that apply at the tourist attraction.

Sianok canyon, which is located close to the city of Bukittinggi, has a charming landscape like a painting.

The dramatic formation process produces a stunning natural tourist attraction. No wonder the beauty of the natural panorama of this valley is famous abroad.

Do you want to prove the beauty of this valley that has a myriad of attractions? Immediately set aside your time to visit this beautiful valley.

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